How to evict a tenant and the eviction process
Evicting a tenant can be a daunting process especially for newbie landlord. Tenancy eviction is no option approach if you the tenancy isn’t working for you anymore, especially if you want your property back as your main home, the property is in need of major repairs or you’re struggling with your mortgage because your tenant is in arrears themselves. Either way, here is the legal of “How to evict a tenant and the eviction process” successfully!.
SERVE YOUR NOTICE
As a landlord, you are obligated to serve section 8 or section 21 or even both when notifying your tenant of your intent to regain possession of your property. Make sure you serve the right notice for a successful claim by following the simple chart below. If in doubt, do contact us at Sincere Properties or a legal expert for more advice or representation.
ABOUT SECTION 8
Section 8 can be served to tenants who have an Assured Shorthold Tenancy agreement and you have grounds to demand your property back on 1 or more of the following Mandatory Grounds:
1. Rent arrears
You have grounds for eviction if your tenant is in rent arrears for up to 8 weeks or 2 months from the time you served the notice, until the time they are taken to court. Ensure the tenant’s deposit is protected in a rent deposit scheme at the start of the tenancy or at least before serving notice. The courts will can fine you for not protecting their deposit, credit the tenant’s arrears at your cost and decline your possession request.
2. The property is to become the landlord’s main home
If you or your partner or spouse have previously lived in the property, you have the grounds to evict your tenant so the property becomes your main home again.
3. Mortgaged Property
You can regain your property if the property is mortgaged and your lender has intent of repossessing it. Your repossession is subject to this potentiality being stated in the agreement prior to the tenancy.
4. Holiday Lets
Section 8 allows you to regain possession of your property subject to the property being let as a holiday home for no more than 8 months and you have proof that the property was a holiday let the year before too.
5. Educational Establishments
If the landlord is an educational establishment such as a university or college and letting to students, grounds for repossession can be granted if the property was in tenancy for less than 12 months and the property was let the year before too.
6. The property is to become a home to a Minister of Religion
Possession of your property can be granted if the property is obtained as a home or a place to perform duties for a Minister of Religion.
You can regain your property to renovate it to a habitable condition.
8. Deceased Tenant
Usually, a tenancy cannot be transferred in a will in the event that the tenant dies. However, if the deceased tenant has passed on the tenancy to a spouse or civil partner, as a landlord you can take back the property within 12 months of the death.
Your best chances of eviction is meeting one or more of the mandatory grounds however, if none of the above is relevant to your case, you may find Discretionary Grounds as a way to exit the agreement. Wikipedia have created a simple to read to discretionary grounds that may relate to your case. Be aware that in such cases, the courts may grant the tenant another opportunity, leaving the landlord to potentially burden all legal costs without success.
Once the landlord serves notice to the tenant, the landlord will need to apply to the County Courts with a ‘standard possessions order form’ to regain possession from the tenant.
Tenants that won’t leave after Section 8
You will need to apply to the County Court bailiffs to remove the tenant if you have been successfully granted possession of your property by serving Section 8, yet the tenant hasn’t left the property by the stated possession date. Get professional support when serving a Section 8. Call us for a no obligation talk on 020 8520 0425
ABOUT SECTION 21
If your tenant is in no fault, and you have no reasons as detailed in Section 8, you can still regain possession of your property by serving Section 21 (aka no fault possession notice) as long as you as a landlord have complied with the following 7 points:
- You and the tenant have an Assured Shorthold Tenancy agreement
- Your tenant’s deposit is protected in a scheme
- You have served the tenant with the prescribed information order
- You have given your tenant the government guide to ‘how to rent’
- Your property has a valid energy performance certificate and a valid gas safety certificate
- The tenancy agreement has come to an end or you have served notice within the break clause terms
- Have served a 2 months termination notice
As long as the landlord has completed all the 7 points detailed in Section 21, you can gain possession of the property by applying for an accelerated possession order in the event that the tenant won’t leave.
An accelerated possession order usually grants the landlords possession without a hearing/court attendance if all the paperwork is in order. This application can be completed online along with submitting the relevant paperwork proving the 7 points from Section 21. Be cautious and ensure supporting documents are supplied correctly to prevent tenant’s reasons for not vacating the property.
Tenants that won’t leave after Section 21
You will need to apply to the County Court bailiffs to remove the tenant if you have been successfully granted possession of your property by serving Section 21, yet the tenant hasn’t left the property by the stated possession date. Get professional support when serving a Section 8. Call us for a no obligation talk on 020 8520 0425.
SERVING SECTION 8 AND 21 TOGETHER
In some cases landlords can serve the tenant with Section 8 and 21 together to enhance the success ın applying for possession…so if there are any issues with any mandatory grounds in Section 8, the landlord can show evidence of landlord compliancy with Section 21 which requires no reason for eviction.
BEST PRACTICE IN SERVING YOUR NOTICE
A landlord will need to prove to the courts that they have served the tenant in the correct manner. Below is a list of tips to support a successful eviction:
To DO List
- Deliver your notice by hand and ask the tenant to sign a document to confirm their receipt of the notice. Photo evidence or videography can also support your act for servicing notice.
- Send 2 copies of your notice to your tenant. The court will dismiss the likely hood of nonreceipt from 2 different delivery methods to the same address.
By post with recorded delivery. Ensure you get a proof of posting certificate and obtain a signature to show receipt.
By courier. Ensure you get a proof of despatching, track your item and obtain a signature to show receipt.
Get thırd party support wıth a professional Process Server who can deliver your notice. It can be expensive but great to avoid hostile situations.
The AVOID List
Being angry at a tenant for not vacating your property is a normal feeling for a landlord. Exerting this anger onto the tenant is illegal and tenant has the right to prosecute the landlord for a lack of peace, comfort and the supply of utilities so its best practice to avoid the following, otherwise you may be faced with a fine or even imprisonment
- Turn up unannounced to the property and bangs on the door
- Restrict or prevent utilities to the property
- Change entry locks and alarms
- Make threats
- Remove tenant’s personal belongings from the property
- Physical contact with the tenant
Get professional support when serving Section 8 & 21. Call us for a no obligation talk on 020 8520 0425.